Scale, and The Promise of Genomic Science

Sequencing the first human genome required more than ten years of effort and cost $3 billion. In the last decade, the cost has decreased by approximately six orders of magnitude — today, a human genome can be sequenced in a week for less than $5000. As costs have become less prohibitive, researchers in academia, public health, and the pharmaceutical industry have sequenced more and more individuals and fruitfully explored many of the associations between genetics and disease.